What Causes Dry Eye?

Causes and Risk Factors

Some common causes of dry eye include:

  • Aging
  • Hormonal changes, including menopause
  • Environmental factors
  • Autoimmune diseases, including Sjögren’s Syndrome
  • Certain types of medications
  • Long-term contact lens wear
  • LASIK and other refractive surgeries
  • Reduced blinking (due to reading, or looking at a computer screen)
  • Other health conditions

 

Often, a variety of causes can combine to contribute to dry eye.1,3

Help Prevent Dry Eye

While there is no cure for dry eye, the following are some of the lifestyle and environmental changes you can make to help prevent and relieve acute cases of dry eye:2,3

  • Quit smoking and/or avoid second-hand smoke
  • Reduce the amount of air that blows into your eyes (i.e., hair dryers, car a/c, etc.)
  • Wear glasses on windy days and goggles while swimming
  • Monitor indoor humidity and add a humidifier as needed
  • Take breaks from extended activities like reading or working at a computer
  • Eat a healthy diet that includes Omega-3 fatty acids

Products such as SYSTANE® SPORT Lubricant Eye Drops and SYSTANE® Day and Night Lubricant Eye Drops are specifically formulated to relieve symptoms of dry eye that may be due to risk factors like wind, sun, and screen time.

SYSTANE® is the #1 Doctor Recommended Brand for Dry Eye Symptom Relief

References:
  1. Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/dry-eyes/DS00463/DSECTION=causes Accessed March 5, 2013.
  2. Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/dry-eyes/DS00463/DSECTION=prevention Accessed April 4, 2013.
  3. American Optometric Association, Dry Eye. http://aoa.org/dry-eye.xml Accessed April 4, 2013.